Water is an indispensable resource not only for sustaining all life but also for human socio-economic development. Global water demand is likely to surpass supply by more than 40% by 2030 and by more than 50% in the developing countries, especially in Sub-
Saharan Africa.

Population increase will eventually result in reduced per capita availability of water .The water scarcity situation has worsened in most developing countries due to rapid population growth, economic development and urbanisation which has made it so
difficult to address the issue as well as providing adequate sanitation services

The growth of urban population and rapid urbanisation of the rural areas is on the rise hence increasing domestic water demand, industrial and agricultural uses.

Trans-Nzoia County is blessed with adequate fresh water supply. According to the 2009 Census, out of the 170,117 households enumerated for water use, 19,702 had piped water as their main water source, 1,119 had ponds, and 34,441 depended on streams, 110,386 on
spring/wells and boreholes. The county has 12 water supply schemes; The sources of the water for the schemes are River Nzoia, Kapolet Forest and Mt. Elgon.

The county has not been spared from environmental degradation arising mainly from Poor farming practices, destruction of forests, unplanned land use and natural causes such as landslides especially in the hilly mountain slopes.

The resultant effects of environmental degradation in the County include reduced forest cover, soil erosion, reduced agricultural productivity, landslides, frequent droughts, flooding and erratic rainfall patterns.

My administration will provide coordinated policy implementation, enforcement and capacity building through integrated programmes for sustainable management and utilisation of natural resources for the county’s development.

The key strategic objectives of the sector are:

  • To improve livelihoods through sustainable use, conservation and management of catchments and wetlands.
  • To improve weather/climate information services.
  • To enhance access to clean and portable water for both industrial and home consumption.
  • To promote water conservation, catchment restoration, and rehabilitation of water towers in the county.

My administration will provide coordinated policy implementation, enforcement and
capacity building through integrated programmes for sustainable management and
utiliSation of natural resources for the county’s development.
George natembeya

Water Issues and Challenges

Trans-Nzoia with a current population of 1.26 million and a projected population of more than 2 million by 2030, faces enormous challenges in management of its limited water resources.

  • Water resources underdeveloped
  • Water scarcity
  • Climate variability
  • Catchment degradation
  • Water Pollution

Adopt a policy of Sustainable and Integrated water resources management

Sustainable and Integrated Approaches Future prospects are important for the type of solutions that would be appropriate in solving water scarcity issues in Kenya. Different techniques have been used to solve the issue of water scarcity. Water recycling and reuse are some of the reliable techniques which have been recognised as adaptive solutions to water scarcity, considering water reuse has the concept of a circular economy.

However, the adoption of advanced technological solutions and practices that improve water use efficiency by users should be a primary goal for water management to reduce water loss, support the sustainability of water resources, and increase the economic profitability of


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